Introduction to C++ Programming Language

Introduction to C++ Programming Language

C++ programming language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at bell laboratories in 1983. C++ has its roots in C Programming Language, providing the number of features that spruce up the C language or in other words we can say that C++  is an extension to C: it use all the syntax of C but adds new features.

C is a procedural programming language and do not support OOP (Object Oriented Programming) while C++ provides the capabilities for Object Oriented Programming and It also follows the procedural programming paradigm.

In C++ bottom-up approach is used in which base elements are first formulated then these elements are linked to give rise to larger system. One of the greatest advantages of using C++ programming language is the security of data. This is because of specific OOP feature like data hiding which is not present in C. Objects are the building blocks of C++ program while building blocks  of C is functions. In C++ we can use functions inside the structure but it cannot be done C language.

C++ programming language has become a dominant language in both colleges and industries. It is easier to understand because it is more near to human language and less special characters are used in the syntax as compared to C language or we can say that C++ is more user friendly than C. As C++ programming language supports the Object oriented programming so different companies and software houses prefer to use C++ programming language. Now days mostly software are developed in C++ programming language. Objects are essentially reusable software component that model items in the real world. Using a modular, object-oriented design and implementation approach can make software development groups much more productive than is possible with previous programming techniques.

C++ is a very powerful and versatile language. C++ is by far most widely used language. Java (C++ based language) is the recent addition to the field of Object Oriented Language but it lacks certain features like multiple inheritances, templates and pointers that make java less powerful and less adaptable language than C++. C# is also a C++ based language.

The code of C++ is executed with the help of compiler. The compilers which are specifically used for the execution of C code cannot execute code of C++ but compilers which are designed for C++ can execute the code of C language. There many compilers which can execute C++ programming language code like Code Blocks, Bloodshed DEV C++ , Borland  C++, Apple C++, Microsoft Visual studio 6.0, Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 express edition etc.

You can use any of the above compilers but our recommendation is to use Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 express edition.

This was a brief introduction about C++ programming language to give overview about the language and its relationship with other languages. We will practically implement all the concepts of C++ in next tutorials.

Top 5 upcoming android phones in 2013

It is challenging craze to get a new Smartphone in every month, as everybody knows many new system come in market, it is not surprising factor, when we are talking about top 5 android phone which will arriving in 2013, and you will be catch up such amazing set , so that you will use in your daily routine. Such thing is incredible for you to get such android set and upgrading your life with such tremendous mobile phones. So you must have craze in your mind that what is next? What are the new apps and what are the new android mobile phones which will come in market. There is short review on such sets which is result of your wait.


Now there is the unique question in your mind that what Yuga is? Let me explain its all features for you. It is the ultra-slim android smart phone it has many features which are under as:
• Features a 13MP photographic camera
• Edge-to-edge display with no frame
Its updating will come in 2013 and will surprise many people, Sony designs could announce the unit as beginning as CES 2013 in Jan. Sony designs had an excellent season globally with its range of Xperia mobile phones, but it never really taken on in the North America market segments.


The MOTOROLA ‘X’ is supposedly being designed in cooperation between Google and it would competition with the huge attaining iPhone. If the MOTOROLA ‘X’ can combine Motorola’s top-quality elements design and outstanding program performance with the planet's best mobile, then the New Samsung X could be the next big factor, Some opinions aspect towards a MOTOROLA ‘X’launch period of your time and effort of mid-2013. It’s all relevant about anxiety.

3. HTC M7

HTC once was status gladly at the premier of the planet's Smartphone market. But in 2013, HTC has decreased quite a bit from that significant perch. Its variety acquired a rise in 2013 due to impressive Android operating system mobile phones, like the HTC One X but it could get an even biggest improve in 2013 if rumors about the HTC M7 come real. Those rumors condition specific specifications that would attack opponents out of the water, including:
4. Quad-core Qualcomm CPU
5. 4.7 inches wide 1080p HD screen
6. Aluminum protecting and resilient design
7. 32GB of inner storage


Luckily, you will not have to hold on very long for the Galaxy S4 to come out. Most signs aspect to an Apr 2013 release period of time or formerly, and we should know more very soon. Launched pictures and details from “supply series sources in Korea” provide some attractive details of details about the newest individual of the Galaxy close relatives, including:
· The same CPU that the Nexus 10 a full-sized Android operating system item, uses, that is two 1.7GHz A15 cores, offering the Galaxy S4 incredible power
· Possible flexible show using OLED technology that would make it usually unbreakable
· 1080p AMOLED screen


Search engines have confirmed the great assurance with its variety of Nexus mobile phones and tablets. If Search engines can fix its outrageous offer series errors and offer enough Nexus supply to meet up with need, there is no reason why it could not be top dog in the Android operating system Smartphone world by this time next period. The only issue is that offer series errors prevented the Nexus from getting in the hands of many of the planet's clients no issue how many times they analyzed the Search engines Perform Shop for customized distribution information. That is why the next Nexus item would be such a big cope. My money is on a ‘Nexus 5’, but there have been no rumors about this system so far.
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Variables In C Programming language

C language is widely used programming language. Having a large number of functions to perform different tasks. By using printf() function we can display a string of characters on screen. But imagine if you want to add two numbers and show it’s output on screen. lets do it in your mind, suppose first number is 7 and second is 8, do some math, 7+8 = 15. But how can you do it in C language? So it can be performed by using variables.
Variables are just like placeholders in memory where different type of data is stored. Like the above example, you can perform it in C language like this:
1. int sum;
2. sum = 7 + 8;
3. printf(“The Sum is %d”, sum);
The Sum is 15
In first line, a variable is declared and in second line it is initialized. Third line will print the sum on screen.

Declaration of a Variable:

Declaration of a variable is a process to create a place or location in memory. A variable should be declared before use. In declaration process you have to first specify the type of variable, then variable’s identifier or name. In above example int is the data_type (Variable’s type) and sum is the name of variable, which is used through out the program.
data_type  variable_identifier;
int Sum; 

Initialization of a Variable:

After declaring a variable you have to initialize it. You can initialize a variable by giving it default value within the program or by taking value from user using scanf() function.
variable_identifier  =  value;
sum = 7 + 8;
You can initialize a variable in the same line of it’s declaration. i.e. int sum = 7+8;

Variable Identifier:

Variable identifier is just a name of variable. In C language you have to give an address to a variable, that is assigned to it’s location in memory. For example you want to take average of 5 numbers so you will create a variable and give it a name e.g avg. So in memory a placeholder will be created and it’s address will be avg. Just like the syntax of a language you have to follow it’s rules to name a variable. These are simple rules:
  1. A variable name can only contain Alphabets, Digits and underscores (_).
  2. It can only start with alphabets or underscores (_).
  3. Variable name can not be a keyword i.e, for, while, if.
  4. Special characters are not permitted.
  5. Variable identifier is case sensitive. So uppercase letters are discrete from lowercase letters.
Valid examples: average, _sum, mul2, first_name, Last_name
Invalid examples: 2mor, int, num 1, mul^2, $pow, %age

Example Program of Variables:

A program that will take 2 numbers from user end and after taking sum it will show the result on screen.
int main()
    int num1, num2, sum;
    printf(“Enter Two Numbers: “);
    scanf(“%d%d”, &amp;num1, &amp;num2);
    sum = num1 + num2;
    printf(“Sum of Two Numbers is = %d”, );
    return 0;

From your side:

I hope this tutorial will definitely help you to understand variables in C programming language. If you get any kind of confusion about variables, just go below to comment section and ask you question. I will try my best to clear you confusion. Stay blessed and keep visiting for more tutorials.

13 Most Beautiful Mobile Web Designs of 2013

As the rapidly growing use of mobile phones to access websites, it has become essential for a website’s owner to have mobile web design. To get the attention of millions of mobile users, many web designers are being hired to create most attractive, eye catching mobile web designs.
So in this article I'm going to showcase 13 most beautiful and attractive mobile websites designs.

#1: Marina Yachting

Marina Yaching Mobile Design

#2: Sun-Maid

Sun-Maid Mobile Design

#3: Zappos

Zappos Mobile Web Design

#4: McDonalds

mcdonalds Mobile Website Design

#5: Sony Tablets

Sony-Tablets Mobile

#6: Nike Lab

Nike Lab Mobile Design

#7: Coosh


#8: Microsoft


#9: Ride Snowboards


#10: Toy Soldier


#11: Procab Studio


#12: Taylor Michoud


#13: AOL Money & Finance


What are Escape Sequences In C Language? How to Use Escape Sequences?

Escape Sequences
In C language there are some characters that are not treated as the same. These character combinations that give different results such as a new line, a tab space, or a backspace, are known as escape sequences.
Today in this article, I am going to share a list of escape sequences with syntax and examples that can be used in strings or printf() function.

Syntax of Escape Sequences:

Escape sequences in C language start with a backslash (\) and followed by a character. e.g, to get a new line, ‘\n’ is used for this purpose.

Escape Sequences
\a Bell (Alert)
New line
\t Tab Space
\f Formfeed
\b Backspace
\r Carriage Return
\\ Backslash
\’ Single Quotation Mark
\” Double Quotation Mark
Note: As you see, backslash is used for escape sequences, that’s why it is not treated as backslash by complier, so in order to print a backslash, double backslashes are used i.e (\\). first is to start escape sequence and second is to print backslash.


#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
 printf("*****************************\n"); // '\n' for new line 
 printf("**\tZAKETECK.COM\t**\n");      // '\t' for tab space
        return 0;
**      ZAKETECK.COM      **


Escape Sequences in C language are explained to you with example. If you got any problem with this topic, you can let me know, by using comment section.

More C language topics will be covered in coming articles. Peace and blogg

13 Beautiful Valentine Day Facebook Covers

As Valentine’s day is on it’s way. Exact 7 days are left, People are getting ready for the special day of Valentine, this is the day when lovers show true love for their partners. On this day, lovers give beautiful gift cards, chocolates, toys, love letters etc to each other.
Facebook is another perfect way to show your love for your lover, by using facebook covers, images. By adding a valentine day facebook cover, you can let your lover see your love for him/her.

Valentine’s Day Facebook Covers:

Here I’m showcasing 13 most beautiful Facebook covers for valentine’s day.


Happy valentine's day


Valentine Day Facebook Cover


Happy Valentine Day Facebook Cover


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Velantine Day FB conver


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Valentine's Day happy


Best Velantine Day FB Cover


Best Velantine'


Best Valentine's Day Quote


Facebook Heart Valentine's Day

C Programming - Scanf in C

Scanf in c
In C programming language, there are many functions which are used to perform different tasks, like printf() function which is used to print a series of characters (words) on screen, there is another function called scanf().

scanf() Function:

scanf is a built in function of C language, lives inside 'stdio.h’ header file. It takes input from user. Normally keyboard is used to take the input.

Syntex of scanf() Function:

scanf() function has two arguments, 1. (“%d”) 2. (&varName)
  1. (“%d”) specifies the type of data, for example int, char, float etc.
  2. (&varName) specifies into which variable the typed data will be assigned.
scanf(“control string”, &variable1, &variable2);
The purpose of & is to define address of variable.


int main() 
    int age; 
    printf("Enter Your Age: "); 
    scanf("%d", &age); 
    printf("Your Age is %d"); 
    return 0; 


Enter Your Age: 18
Your Age is 18
Printf() function is normally used to display the data on screen, which is stored in variable using scanf() function.

Any question?

If you have any question regarding to scanf() function, you can write it down by using our comment form below. Thanks, peace and blessings with you.